Supreme Court of Appeal : It hears appeals from the High Court and such other Tribunals or courts as Parliament may prescribe. It is the highest appellate court in Malawi. It is presided over by a single judge when it is an interlocutory matter (any issues before the actual trial), three judges when it is any other matter other than appeals from the Constitutional Court in which case five judges sit
High Court of Malawi General Division : Has unlimited original jurisdiction to hear and determine any civil or criminal proceedings. It also hears appeals on matters from the Subordinate Courts. It is presided over by a single judge with the exception of constitutional cases.
High Court Sitting on Constitutional matters : This is where the High Court sits with not less than three judges in matters expressly and substantively relating to or concern or any the interpretation or application of the provisions of the law
High Court Commercial Court Division : Deals exclusively with disputes of commercial or business nature. It is presided over by a single judge.
Industrial Relations Court : Has original jurisdiction over labour disputes and such other issues relating to employment.. It is presided over by the Chairperson of the Court or Deputy Chairperson sitting with one member of the most represented Employers Union and one member of the most represented Employees Union
Magistrates’ Courts : Handles both criminal and civil matters limited to their authorized powers. Magistrates Courts are divided into five grades namely Resident Magistrates Courts, First Grade Magistrate Courts, Second Grade Magistrate Courts, Third Grade Magistrate Courts and Forth Grade Magistrate Court.s The powers of each Court varies according to grade.
Child Justice Courts : They are within magistrates courts. They hear and determine cases relating to child abuse and offences committed by children. Children are defined as any person under the age of sixteen.